Three Canadian cities remain among the 10 most livable cities in the world, with Toronto tied for seventh with Tokyo.
At fifth place, Calgary ranked the highest of any Canadian cities, though it was down one spot from 2018. Vancouver came in at No. 6. According to the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU)’s 2019 Global Liveability Index Vienna, Austria retains its bragging rights as the world’s most livable city.
A world leader in global business and intelligence, the EIU scores 140 cities on more than 30 qualitative and quantitative factors across five major categories: stability, health care, culture and environment, education and infrastructure.
The report is meant to help provide benchmarks for developing cities and allow employers to better calculate hardship allowances when employees are asked to relocate and allows for direct comparison between locations, the EIU explains. While the top 10 cities haven’t changed since 2018, there has been some movement in their ranking:
1. Vienna, Austria
2. Melbourne, Australia
3. Sydney, Australia
4. Osaka, Japan
5. Calgary, Alta.
6. Vancouver, B.C.
7. Tokyo, Japan
9. Copenhagen, Denmark
10. Adelaide, Australia
Overall scores in certain categories have improved worldwide. “Over the past year we have observed that average scores for stability have risen, reflecting, in very general terms, a slight diminishing of the perceived threat of terrorism, after a period of acute concern,” the EIU says in the report.
Among the other categories, a deterioration in culture and environment scores is a concern. “A slew of cities in emerging markets that are among the most exposed to the effects of climate change have seen their scores downgraded,” the EIU says. They include New Delhi in India, Cairo in Egypt and Dhaka in Bangladesh.
The least livable five cities named in the survey were Damascus in Syria, Dhaka in Bangladesh, Lagos in Nigeria, Karachi in Pakistan and Port Moresby in Papua New Guinea.